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January 09, 2006

Join the JLC!

You are cordially invited to join the Jewish Labor Committee.

For over 77 years, the JLC has served as the bridge linking the Jewish community and organized labor in a shared commitment to economic and social justice. You can be a part of this historic tradition of working together to advance the cause of the Jewish people and to help create a better future for all.

You can join the outreach to the millions of families who are union members and all of the allied organizations and groups which support the labor movement.

If you share our concerns for human rights, respect for all in our increasingly diverse world, and Israel, you belong in the JLC. Individual dues are only $40 a year. By joining the JLC, you will be part of a progressive, community-oriented organization that will make your voice heard on behalf of justice and human rights.

Download a membership brochure here or e-mail us at info@jewishlabor.org with your name and address; we'll send you a membership form. Join the Jewish Labor Committee, the Jewish voice in the labor movement, and the voice of the labor movement in the Jewish community.

January 01, 2006

What is the Jewish Labor Committee?

What is the JLC?
The Jewish Labor Committee, an independent secular organization, is the voice of the Jewish community in the labor movement and the voice of the labor movement in the Jewish community. Whether through its national office in New York or local offices and lay-led groups across the United States, the JLC enables the Jewish community and the trade union movement to work together on important issues of shared interest and concern, in pursuit of our shared commitment to economic and social justice.
Our national headquarters are in New York City; we have staffed local/regional offices in Boston, MA; New York, NY; Philadelphia, PA; Chicago, IL; and Los Angeles, CA -- and volunteer-led JLC or JLC-affiliated groups in such places as Detroit, MI; Washington, DC; Cleveland, OH; Miami, FL; and elsewhere.


When was it formed?
The Jewish Labor Committee was formed in February, 1934, by Yiddish-speaking immigrant trade union leaders, and leaders of such groups as the Workmen's Circle/Arbeter Ring, the Jewish Labor Bund, and the United Hebrew Trades, in response to the rise of Nazism in Germany.

A four-page history of the JLC can be found here:
70 Years Strong: The Jewish Labor Committee Story

An excellent introduction to the Holocaust-era history of the JLC can be found online at:
LABOR AND THE HOLOCAUST:
The Jewish Labor Committee and the Anti-Nazi Struggle

About this website.
This website is a work in progress. We're including basic information on the organization, recent activities, contact information for JLC around the United States, basic readings on the Jewish Labor Movement, as well as the U.S. trade union movement in general, and links to other relevant websites.
You will also find a page called "Join the JLC!"
You are cordially invited to join our organization. Every member helps us in our activities, one way or the other.

Final note: if you have any questions about the JLC, please do not hesitate to contact us.
E-mail might be easiest: info@jewishlabor.org

Recent Activities: Arizona

The Arizona JLC is working the Arizona Minimum Wage Coalition, which has brought together unions, community groups and a number of small businesses. One focus is a ballot initiative, filed with the secretary of state last November – to be decided by voters November 2006. There currently is no state minimum wage in Arizona; only the Federal minimum wage of $5 .15 an hour.

The initiative specifies that employers pay workers no less than $6.75 starting Jan. 1, 2007. It also mandates that the minimum wage be annually adjusted for inflation, based on the percentage increase in the U.S. Department of Labor's consumer price index over a one-year span. Businesses with yearly gross revenue less than $500,000 would be exempt from these requirements. Their employees would keep the federal government's minimum wage.

Earlier in 2006, the Arizona Chapter focused on two major issues: The Wal-Mart Campaign and a new state-wide campaign: Raise the Minimum Wage for Working Arizonans. We were briefed by Mike Vespoli, Political Action Director in Arizona of the United Food and Commercial Workers, who outlined the difficult campaign to organize Wal-Mart workers and showed excerpts of the film, "The High Cost of Low Wages," Paul Rubin, Arizona JLC Chair and Secretary-Treasurer of UFCW Local 99, a state-wide local, who chaired the meeting and described the recently concluded strike and lockout in California.

Arizona JLC Representative Herman Brown serves as a delegate to the Maricopa Area Labor Federation from the Arizona Alliance for Retired Americans; both are entities of the AFL-CIO [MALF replaced the former Phoenix Central Labor Council and the Alliance replaced the Senior Action Council.] He notes that he always introduces himself as Arizona Representative of the Jewish Labor Committee, as well as a delegate of the Arizona ARA.

And here are some activities from 2005:
In January, National JLC Representative Herman Brown, based in the Phoenix area, and previously Regional Director of the NE JLC, attended the first meeting of the Arizona Coalition to Protect Social Security, sponsored by the Arizona Alliance for Retired Americans and chaired by Doug Hart, formerly of SEIU. “At Doug’s request,” reported Brother Brown, “I agreed to serve as Chair of an Outreach Committee. It is our hope,” he concluded, “to involve leaders of the Jewish community in the work of the Coalition.”

The Arizona JLC Chapter held a Labor Seder in April, cosponsored by the Jewish Community Relations Council (JCRC) of the Greater Phoenix Jewish Federation, and held in the Federation’s headquarters in Scottsdale. The cost of the Seder was contributed by Malka Arony, an Arizona JLC Chapter member, in memory of her late brother, Michael Arony. Representative Brown reported that among those present at the Seder were key staff of the Arizona State AFL-CIO, including its president and executive director, the president and secretary-treasurer of the statewide Local 99 UFCW, the executive director of the JCRC, a vice president of the Labor Committee for Latin American Advancement, the newly-appointed Arizona representative of the AFL-CIO, the president of the Arizona Federation of Teachers, and leading members and staff of the Arizona Education Association, the American Federation of Government Employees, and Local 135 United Union of Roofers.
Representative Brown represented the Arizona JLC at the annual convention of the Arizona Coalition to Protect Social Security, held at the Wyndham Hotel in August. He also participated in the Convention of the Arizona Alliance, in September. He was elected a Vice President of the Alliance at a September Executive Committee meeting, and represents the Alliance [as well as the JLC] at the newly-formed Maricopa Area Labor Federation, which succeeded the Phoenix Central Labor Council.
The Arizona JLC has been involved in defense of the rights of immigrant workers and their families. Earlier, we helped form an Immigration Committee of the Jewish Community Relations Council of the Jewish Federation of Greater Phoenix; later, we were able to help the JCRC pass a resolution on immigrant rights. Brother Brown was at the first meeting of, and the Arizona JLC subsequently joined, the newly-formed Arizona Coalition for Migrant Rights. JLC is represented on the Coalition’s Leadership Training and Capacity Building Committee.

Readings on the American Jewish Labor Movement

General Works; Specific Unions, Organizations and Movements; Autobiographies, Biographies, Memoirs; Unpublished Works.

AbolishChildLabor.jpg

"ABOLISH CH[ILD] SLAVERY!!" in English and Yiddish ("(ני)דער מיט (קינד)ער שקלאפער(ײ)", "Nider mit Kinder Schklawerii") , probably taken during May 1, 1909 labor parade in New York City. George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).


GENERAL WORKS

Abramsky, Chimen, “The Jewish Labour Movement: Some Historiographical Problems,” in Soviet Jewish Affairs, vol. 1, no. 1, (June 1971)

Asher, Robert, “Jewish Unions and the American Federation of Labor Power Structure, 1903-1935,” in American Jewish Historical Quarterly, vol. 65 (1976)

Baum, Charlotte, Paula Hyman and Sonya Michel, “Weaving the Fabric of Unionism: Jewish Women Move the Movement,” in THE JEWISH WOMAN IN AMERICA (New York: Dial Press 1976)

Bell, Daniel, “Jewish Labor History,” in Publication of the American Jewish Historical Society, Vol. 46, no. 3 (March 1957)

Berman, Harold, "The Decline of Jewish Labor," in THE REFLEX (October 1927)

Berman, Hyman, “A Cursory View of the Jewish Labor Movement: An Historiographical Survey,” in American Jewish Historical Quarterly, vol. LII [52], no. 2 (December 1962)

Bloom, Bernard H., “Yiddish Speaking Socialists in America, 1892 - 1905.” in American Jewish Archives, vol. 12, no. 1 (April, 1960)

Brandes, Joseph, “From Sweatshop to Stability: Jewish Labor Between the World Wars,” YIVO Annual XVI (1976)

Buhle, Paul, “The Roots of Jewish Labor: Will the Vision Be Renewed?” in Genesis 2 (Boston Feb., 1983)

————, “Jews and American Communism: the Cultural Question,” in Radical History Review 23, (Spring, 1980)

------------, “Yiddish Left,” in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE AMERICAN LEFT, (New York: Garland Publishing, 1990)

Danish, Max D., “The Jewish Labor Movement: Facts and Prospects,” in THE JEWISH PEOPLE - PAST AND PRESENT, Volume IV (New York: Jewish Encyclopedic Handbooks 1948)

David, Henry, “The Jewish Unions and their Influence upon the American Labor Movement,” in Publication of the American Jewish Historical Society, Vol. 41, no. 4 (June 1952)

—————, “Jewish Labor History: A Problem Paper,” in Publication of the American Jewish Historical Society, vol. 46, no. 3 (March 1957)

Davidowicz, Lucy S., “The Jewishness of the Jewish Labor Movement in the United States,” in A BICENTENNIAL FESTSCHRIFT FOR JACOB RADER MARCUS, ed. by Bertram Wallace Korn (New York: American Jewish Historical Society/KTAV 1976 {Reprinted in THE AMERICAN JEWISH EXPERIENCE, ed. by Jonathan D. Sarna [New York: Holmes & Meier 1986]})

Dubofsky, Melvyn, “Organized Labor and the Immigrant in New York City, 1900 - 1918,” in Labor History 2 (Spring 1961)

Epstein, Melech, JEWISH LAB OR IN THE UNITED STATES; AN INDUSTRIAL, POLITICAL AND CULTURAL HISTORY OF THE JEWISH LABOR MOVEMENT, 1882 - 1952, Two Volumes (New York: Trade Union Sponsoring Committee 1950, 1953 [ Reprinted, New York: KTAV, 1969])

—————, THE JEW AND COMMUNISM, (New York 1959)

Feingold, Henry L., “Matching Power and Responsibility: The Jewish Labor Movement,” in A MIDRASH ON AMERICAN JEWISH HISTORY (Albany: SUNY Press 1982)

Frager, Ruth A., SWEATSHOP STRIFE: CLASS, ETHNICITY, AND GENDER IN THE JEWISH LABOUR MOVEMENT OF TORONTO, 1900 - 1939 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press 1992)

Frankel, Jonathan, “The Jewish Socialists and the American Jewish Congress Movement,” in YIVO Annual XVI (1976)

——————-, “Class War and Community: The Socialists in American Jewish Politics, 1879 - 1918,” in PROPHECY AND POLITICS: SOCIALISM, NATIONALISM AND THE RUSSIAN JEWS, 1862 - 1917 (New York 1981)

Friedman-Manor, Tami, ed., WORKERS AND REVOLUTIONARIES: THE JEWISH LABOR MOVEMENT, (Tel Aviv: Beth Hatefutsoth, the Museum of the Jewish Diaspora 1994)

Glanz, Rudolph, “Source Material on the History of Jewish Immigration to the U.S., 1800-1880,” in YIVO Annual VI (1951)

———————, “Some Remarks on the Jewish Labor Movement and American Public Opinion in the Pre-World War I Era,” in YIVO Annual XVI (1976)

Glenn, Susan A., DAUGHTERS OF THE SHTETL - LIFE AND LABOR IN THE IMMIGRANT GENERATION (Ithaca: Cornell University Press 1990)

Goldstein, Yaacov N., JEWISH SOCIALISTS IN THE UNITED STATES: THE CAHAN DEBATE, 1925-1926 (Brighton - East Sussex, UK: Sussex Academic Press 1998)

Goren, Arthur, “The Jewish Labor Movement and the Kehillah,” in QUEST FOR COMMUNITY: THE KEHILLAH EXPERIMENT, 1908 - 1922 (New York 1970)

Green, Nancy L., JEWISH WORKERS IN THE MODERN DIASPORA, (Berkeley : University of California Press, 1998)

Gross, Feliks and Vlavianos, Basil J., STRUGGLE FOR TOMORROW: MODERN POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE (New York 1954)

Hardman, J. B. S., “The Jewish Labor Movement in the United States: Jewish and Non-Jewish Influences,” in Publication of the American Jewish Historical Society, vol. 41, no. 4 (Dec. 1952)

—————-, “Jewish Workers in the American Labor Movement,” in YIVO Annual VII (1952)

Herberg, Will, “The Jewish Labor Movement in the United States,” in American Jewish Year Book, vol. 53 (1952)

Hiebert, Daniel, "Jewish Immigrants and the Garment Industry of Toronto, 1901–1931: A Study of Ethnic and Class Relations," in Annals of the Association of American Geographers, volume 83 Issue 2 (June 1993)

Howe, Irving, “Jewish Labor, Jewish Socialism,” in WORLD OF OUR FATHERS (New York 1976)

—————, “The Significance of the Jewish Labor Movement,” in THE JEWISH LABOR MOVEMENT IN AMERICA: TWO VIEWS (New York: Jewish Labor Committee 1958)

——————, and Libo, Kenneth, “Labor and Socialism,” in HOW WE LIVED: A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF IMMIGRANT JEWS IN AMERICA, 1880 - 1930 (New York 1979)

Knox, Israel, “Jewish Labor - The Reality and the Ideal,” in THE JEWISH LABOR MOVEMENT IN AMERICA: TWO VIEWS (New York: Jewish Labor Committee 1958)

Kosak, Hadassa, CULTURES OF OPPOSITION: JEWISH IMMIGRANT CULTURE, New York 1881-1905 (Albany: SUNY Press 2000)

Leviatin, David, FOLLOWERS OF THE TRAIL: JEWISH WORKING-CLASS RADICALS IN AMERICA (New Haven: Yale University Press 1969)

Levin, Nora, “The American Jewish Labor Movement,” in WHILE MESSIAH TARRIED: JEWISH SOCIALIST MOVEMENTS, 1871 - 1917 (New York: Schocken Books 1977)

———————, “Socialist Intellectuals Encounter Jewish Workers in America, 1881-84,” in Gratz College Annual of Jewish Studies, vol. II (1973)

Liebman, Arthur, JEWS AND THE LEFT (New York: John Wiley & Sons 1979)

McCreesh, Carolyn Daniel, WOMEN IN THE CAMPAIGN TO ORGANIZE GARMENT WORKERS, 1880 - 1917 (New York & London: Garland Publishing 1985)

Mendelsohn, Ezra, “The Jewish Socialist Movement and the Second International, 1889 - 1914: The Struggle for Recognition,” in Jewish Social Studies, Vol. 26 (1964)

———————, “The Russian Roots of the American Jewish Labor Movement,” in YIVO Annual XVI (1976) [Repr. in EAST EUROPEAN JEWS IN TWO WORLDS: STUDIES FROM THE YIVO ANNUAL, Deborah Dash Moore, ed. (Evanston: Northwestern University Press 1990)]

Menes, Abraham, “The Jewish Labor Movement,” in THE JEWISH PEOPLE, PAST AND PRESENT, Volume IV. (New York: Jewish Encyclopedic Handbooks 1955)

———————-, “The East Side and the Jewish Labor Movement, in VOICES FROM THE YIDDISH, Irving Howe and Eliezer Greenberg, eds. (Ann Arbor 1972); also in MANY PASTS: READINGS IN AMERICAN SOCIAL HISTORY, 1865-THE PRESENT, vol.. 2, Herbert G. Gyutman and Gregory S. Kealey, eds. (Prentice Hall 1973)

Mergan, Bernard, “Another `Great Prize’: The Jewish Labor Movement in the Context of American Jewish History,” in YIVO Annual XVI (1976)

Michels, Tony, "`Speaking to Moyshe',: The early socialist Yiddish press and its readers," in Jewish History, Volume 14, Number 1 (January 2000)

------------------, “Socialism with a Jewish Face: The Origins of the Yiddish-Speaking Communist Movement in the United States, 1907-1923,” in YIDDISH AND THE LEFT; PAPERS OF THE THIRD MENDEL FRIEDMAN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON YIDDISH, ed. by Gennady Estraikh and Mikhail Krutikov (Oxford: European Humanities Research Centre, 2001)

--------------------, A FIRE IN THEIR HEARTS: YIDDISH SOCIALISTS IN NEW YORK (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005)

Mishkinsky, M., "The Jewish labor movement and European socialism," in Cahiers d’Histoire Mondiale 11 (1968)

Muraskin, Bennett, JEWS IN THE AMERICAN LABOR MOVEMENT: PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE (privately published, 2016)

Perlman, Selig, “America and the Jewish Labor Movement: A Case of Mutual Illumination,” in Publication of the American Jewish Historical Society, vol. 46, no. 3 (March 1957)

———————, “Jewish-American Unionism: Its Birth Pangs and Contribution to the General American Labor Movement,” in Publication of the American Jewish Historical Society, Vol. 41, no. 4 (June 1952)

Reich, Nathan, “Some Observations on Jewish Unionism,” in Publication of the American Jewish Historical Society, vol. 41, no. 4 (June 1952)

Rich, Jacob C., “The Jewish Labor Movement in the United States,” in THE JEWISH PEOPLE - PAST AND PRESENT (New York: Jewish Encyclopedic Handbooks 1948)

—————, Sixty Years of the ‘Jewish Daily Forward’,” in The New Leader (June 3, 1957)

Rischin, Moses, “The Jewish Labor Movement in the United States: A Social Interpretation,” in Labor History 4 (Fall, 1963)

——————, THE PROMISED CITY: NEW YORK’S JEWS, 1870 - 1914 (New York: Cambridge University Press 1962)

Rogoff, Abraham Meyer, FORMATIVE YEARS OF THE JEWISH LABOR MOVEMENT IN THE UNITED STATES, 1890-1900 (New York 1945 [Reprinted Westport: Greenwood Press 1979])

——————————-, “Jewish Labor in the American Political Scene,” in JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA, ed. by Maurice Samuels (New York 1945)

Rosenblum, Gerald, IMMIGRANT WORKERS: THEIR IMPACT ON AMERICAN LABOR RADICALISM (New York: Basic Books 1973)

Rosenstein, Irv, OUR LEGACY: JEWS AND THE AMERICAN LABOR MOVEMENT (Philadelphia 1991)

Ruchames, Louis, “Jewish Radicalism in the U.S.,” in THE GHETTO AND BEYOND: ESSAYS IN JEWISH LIFE IN AMERICA, Peter I. Rose, ed. (New York: Random House 1969)

Salutsky, J.B., “The Jewish Labor Movement in the United States,” American Jewish Year Book, 1916

Sanders, Ronald, THE DOWNTOWN JEWS: PORTRAIT OF AN IMMIGRANT GENERATION (New York: Dover 1987)

Schappes, Morris U., A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE JEWS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1645-1875 (New York: Citadel Press 1950)

—-----------——— series on Jewish Labor Movement in Jewish Life, “Socialist Traditions of Jewish Labor,” May 1950; “Jewish Labor in the (18)90s,” June 1950; “Appeal of Jewish Workingmen’s Union 1885,” May 1952; “`Jewish Workers’ Victory - 1890,” April 1953; “The 1880s - Beginnings of Jewish Trade Unionism,” September 1954; “The Nineties - Ups and Downs of Jewish Trade Unions,” October 1954; “The New Century Opens - Jewish Labor Movement Grows,” December 1954; “The Heroic Period of Jewish Labor, 1909-1914,” January 1955.

Seidman, Joel, THE NEEDLE TRADES (New York: Farrar and Rinehart 1942)

Seligman, Ben B., “Needle, Thread and Thimble: The Story of Jewish Labor in the U.S.,” Jewish Frontier, September 1953.

Sherman, Charles Bezalel, “Nationalism, Secularism and Religion in the Jewish Labor Movement,” Judaism, Vol. 3, Fall 1954 (reprinted in VOICES FROM THE YIDDISH, ed. Irving Howe and Eliezer Greenberg, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.)

Shuldiner, David P., OF MOSES AND MARX: FOLK IDEOLOGY IN THE JEWISH LABOR MOVEMENT OF THE UNITED STATES, (Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey 1999)

Sidorick, Daniel, "The 'Girl Army': The Philadelphia Shirtwaist Strike of 1909-1910," Pennsylvania History, No. 71 (Summer 2004)

Sorin, Gerald, THE PROPHETIC MINORITY: AMERICAN JEWISH IMMIGRANT RADICALS, 1880-1920 (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press 1985)

—————, “Tradition and Change: American Jewish Socialists as Agents of Acculturation,” American Jewish History, vol. 59, no. 1 Autumn 1989)

Stein, Leon, ed., OUT OF THE SWEATSHOP: THE STRUGGLE FOR INDUSTRIAL DEMOCRACY (New York: Quadrangle/The New York Times Book Co. 1977)

-----, THE TRIANGLE FIRE (Philadelphia: (Ithaca, NY: J. P. Lippincott, 1962 - [Reprints: New York: Carroll & Graf 1985; Ithaca, NY:: Cornell University Press, 2001])

Szajkowski, Zosa, “Paul Nathan, L. Wolf ... and the Jewish Revolutionary Movements in Eastern Europe, 1903 - 17,” in Jewish Social Studies, (January 1967, April, 1967)

Tax, Meredith, “The Uprising of the Thirty Thousand,” in THE RISING OF THE WOMEN: Feminist Solidarity and Class Conflict, 1880-1917, by Meredith Tax (New York and London: Monthly Review Press 1980 [reprinted - Champaign, IL University of Illinois Press 2001)

----------------, RIVINGTON STREET (Champaign, IL University of Illinois Press 2001)

----------------, UNION SQUARE (Champaign, IL University of Illinois Press 2001)

Tcherikover, Elias, THE EARLY JEWISH LABOR MOVEMENT IN THE UNITED STATES, translated and edited by Aaron Antonovsky (New York: YIVO 1961)

Trunk, Isaiah, “The Cultural Dimensions of the Jewish Labor Movement,” in YIVO Annual XVI (1976)

Tyler, Gus, THE JEWISH LABOR MOVEMENT: A LIVING LEGACY (New York: Jewish Labor Committee n.d.)

—————, “The Legacy of the Jewish Labor Movement,” in Midstream (March 1965)

Von Drehle, Dave, TRIANGLE : THE FIRE THAT CHANGED AMERICA (New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2003)

Wahl, Edward, “American Jewish Labor Movement,” in Chicago Jewish Forum, vol. 5 (Spring 1947)

Waldinger, Roger D., THROUGH THE EYE OF THE NEEDLE; IMMIGRANTS AND ENTERPRISE IN NEW YORK’S GARMENT TRADES (New York: New York University Press 1986)

Weinryb, Bernard D., “The Adaptation of Jewish Labor Groups to American Life,” in Jewish Social Studies, vol. III, No. 4 (1946)

Weinstein, Bernard, JEWISH UNIONS IN AMERICA, United Hebrew Trades (New York 1929)

Weinstock, Nathan, TERRES PROMISES: AVATARS DU MOUVEMENT OUVRIER JUIF AU-DELÀ DES MERS AUTOUR DE 1900 : ETATS-UNIS, CANADA, ARGENTINE, PALESTINE (Geneva: Metropolis 2001)

Yellowitz, Irwin, “American Jewish Labor: Historiographical Problems and Prospects,” in American Jewish Historical Quarterly, vol. 65, no. 3 (March, 1976)

————————, Jewish Immigrants and the American Labor Movement, 1900 - 1920,” in American Jewish History, vol. 71, no. 2 (December, 1981)

———————, “Labor Movement,” in JEWISH- AMERICAN HISTORY AND CULTURE: AN ENCYCLOPEDIA, ed. by Jack Fischel and Sanford Pinsker (New York & London: Garland Publishing 1992)

STUDIES OF SPECIFIC UNIONS, ORGANIZATIONS, MOVEMENTS

Alperin, Aaron, SEVENTY YEARS OF LABOR ZIONISM IN AMERICA (New York: Labor Zionists of America 1976)

Avrich, Paul, “Jewish Anarchism in the United States,” in ANARCHIST PORTRAITS, by Paul Avrich (Princeton: Princeton University Press 1988)

Barbash, Jack, “The ILGWU as an Organization in the Age of Dubinsky,” in Labor History IX, Special Supplement (New York 1968)

Beck, Burt, A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE AMALGAMATED (New York: Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America [now UNITE] 1974)

Belsky, Joseph, I, THE UNION: BEING THE PERSONALIZED TRADE UNION STORY OF THE HEBREW BUTCHER WORKERS OF AMERICA (Yonkers, NY: Raddock & Brothers, Ltd. 1952)

Bender, Daniel E., SWEATED WORK, WEAK BODIES. ANTI-SWEATSHOP CAMPAIGNS AND LANGUAGES OF LABOR (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press 2004)

Berlin, George, "The Jewish Labor Committee and American Immigration Policy in the 1930s," Studies in Jewish Bibliography, History and Literature in Honor of I. Edward Kiev (New York, 1971).

Brenner, Paul, “The Formative Years of the Hebrew Bakers’ Unions, 1881- 1914,” in YIVO Annual XVIII (1983)

Bookbinder, Hyman H., TO PROMOTE THE GENERAL WELFARE: THE STORY OF THE AMALGAMATED, (New York: Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America [now UNITE] 1950)

Brooks, Tom, “The Terrible Triangle Fire,” in American Heritage 8 (1957)

Budish, J. M., A HISTORY OF THE CLOTH HAT AND CAP AND MILLINERY WORKERS INDUSTRIAL UNION (NYC 1925)

—————— and George Soule, THE NEW UNIONISM IN THE CLOTHING INDUSTRY (New York: Harcourt, Brace and Howe 1920)

Carpenter, Jesse Thomas, COMPETITION AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING IN THE NEEDLE TRADES, 1910 - 1967 (Ithaca 1972)

Cohen, Julius Henry, THEY BUILDED BETTER THAN THEY KNEW (New York 1946)

Danish, Max D., ILGWU NEWS-HISTORY, 1900 - 1950 (New York 1950)

Dauber, Jeremy, “Yiddish Proletarian Theatre: The Art and Politics of the Artef, 1925-1940,” in American Jewish History, vol. 88 (2000)

Eisner, J. M., “Politics, Legislation and the ILGWU," in American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 28 (1969)

Erlich, Victor, "Jewish Labor and the `Daily Forward'," in Modern Review, vol. 1, no. 7 (September 1947)

Estraikh, Gennady, “Metamorphoses of Morgn-frayhayt,” in YIDDISH AND THE LEFT; PAPERS OF THE THIRD MENDEL FRIEDMAN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON YIDDISH, ed. by Gennady Estraikh and Mikhail Krutikov (Oxford: European Humanities Research Centre, 2001)

Foner, Philip S., “Revolt of the Garment Workers I and II,” in HISTORY OF THE LABOR MOVEMENT IN THE UNITED STATES, Vol. 5 (New York: International Publishers 1980)

——————, “THE FUR AND LEATHER WORKERS UNION: A STORY OF DRAMATIC STRUGGLES AND ACHIEVE- MENTS (Newark: Nordan Press 1950)

Fraser, Steven, “Landsleit and Paesini: Jews and Italians in the Amalgamated Clothing Workers,” in STRUGGLE A HARD BATTLE: ESSAYS ON WORKING CLASS IMMIGRANTS, ed. by Dirk Hoerder (Dekalb: Northern Illinois University Press 1986)

Gechtman, Roni, "A ‘Museum of Bad Taste’?: The Jewish Labour Bund and the Bolshevik Position Regarding the National Question, 1903-1914," IN Canadian Journal of History. Annales canadiennes d’histoire 43 (2008)

Green, Charles H., THE HEADWEAR WORKERS: A CENTURY OF TRADE UNIONISM (New York: United Hatters, Cap and Millinery Workers International Union 1944)

Green, Nancy L., READY-TO-WEAR AND READY-TO-WORK: A CENTURY OF INDUSTRY AND IMMIGRANTS IN PARIS AND NEW YORK (Durham [N.C.] : Duke University Press, 1997)

Hardman, J. B. S., “The Needle Trade Unions: A Labor Movement at Fifty,” in Social Research, vol. XXVII, no. 3 (Autumn, 1960)

Hardy, Jack, THE CLOTHING WORKERS (New York 1935)

Helfgott, Roy B., “Trade Unionism Among the Jewish Garment Workers of Britain and the United States,” in Labor History, vol. 2, no. 2 (1961)

Hertz, Jacob S. [Yakov Sholom], THE JEWISH LABOR BUND: A PICTORIAL HISTORY 1897 - 1957 (NYC: Farlag Unser Tsait 1958)

Holmes, John & Lebowitz, Arieh, “Jewish Socialist Federation,” in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE AMERICAN LEFT, 2nd edn., edited by Mari Jo Buhle, Paul Buhle, and Dan Georgakas (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998)

Hurwitz, Ariel, ed., AGAINST THE STREAM: SEVEN DECADES OF HASHOMER HATZAIR IN NORTH AMERICA (Israel: Givat Haviva 1994)

Hurwitz, Maximillian, THE WORKMEN'S CIRCLE: ITS HISTORY, IDEALS, ORGANIZATION AND INSTITUTIONS (New York: Workmen’s Circle 1936)

Jacobs, Jack, BUNDIST COUNTERCULTURE IN INERWAR POLAND (Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press 2009)

Kaminsky, Y, FORTY YEARS WORKMEN'S CIRCLE: A HISTORY IN PICTURES {FERTSIK YOR ARBETER RING : A GESHIKHTE IN BILDER} (New York: Workmen’s Circle 1940)

King, Elliot, ed., BUILDERS AND DREAMERS: HABONIM DROR LABOR ZIONIST YOUTH IN NORTH AMERICA (New York: Cornwall Books 1993)

Korman, Gerd, “Ethnic Democracy and Its Ambiguities: The Case of the Needle Trade Unions,” in American Jewish History, vol. 75, no. 4, 1986

Kopold, Sylvia and Ben M. Selekman, “The Epic of the Needle Trades,” in Menorah Journal, vol. XV, nos. 4, 5, and 6, (Oct, November & December 1928) and vol. XVIII, no. 4 (April 1930)

Laslett, John H. M., “Jewish Socialism and the Ladies Garment Workers of New York,” in LABOR AND THE LEFT (New York 1970)

Lebowitz, Arieh, “The Jewish Labor Committee: Past and Present,” in Shofar [Midwest Jewish Sudies Association, Purdue University] (West Lafayette, IN Spring 1994)

Lebowitz, Arieh and Gail Malmgreen, ROBERT F. WAGNER LABOR ARCHIVES, NYU: PAPERS OF THE JEWISH LABOR COMMITTEE (New York: Garland Publishing 1993)

--------------------, “Socialist Zionism,” in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE AMERICAN LEFT, (New York: Garland Publishing, 1990)

Levin, Nora, “The Influence of the Bund on the Jewish Socialist Movement in America,” in Gratz College Annual of Jewish Studies, vol. V (1976) pp. 51-68

Loft, Jacob, “Jewish Workers in the New York City Men’s Clothing Industry,” in Jewish Social Studies 2, (January 1940) pp. 61-77

Lorwin, Louis [Levine, Louis, pseud.] THE WOMEN’S GARMENT WORKERS: A HISTORY OF THE INTERNATIONAL LADIES GARMENT WORKERS UNION (New York: B. W. Heubsch 1924)

Luce, Caroline, "Socialism, Radicalism, and the Jewish Labor Movement in Los Angeles: History and Historiography," in Perush: An Online Journal of Jewish Schlarship and Interpretation, Vol. 2, No. 1 (February, 2010)

Malmgreen, Gail, “Labor and the Holocaust: The Jewish Labor Committee and the Anti-Nazi Struggle,” in Labor’s Heritage, Vol. 3, no. 4 (October 1991)

Markowitz, Ruth Jacknow, MY DAUGHTER, THE TEACHER: JEWISH TEACHERS IN THE NEW YORK CITY SCHOOLS (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press 1993)

Munts, Raymond and Mary Louise, “Welfare History of the ILGWU,” in Labor History IX, Special Supplement (1968)

Nadel, Stanley, “Reds Versus Pinks: A Civil War in the International Ladies Garment Workers Union,” in New York History, January 1985

Nahshon, Edna, YIDDISH PROLETARIAN THEATRE: THE ART AND POLITICS OF THE ARTEF, 1925-1940 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998)

O’Neal, James, A HISTORY OF THE AMALGAMATED LADIES GARMENT CUTTERS’ UNION, LOCAL 10 (New York 1927)

Pickhan, Gertrud, "Yiddishkayt and Class Consciousness. The Bund and Its Minority Concept," in East European Jewish Affairs 39, no. 2 (2009)

Potofsky, Jacob, “Profile: The Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America,” in American Labor, December 21-27, 1969

Robinson, Donald B., SPOTLIGHT ON A UNION: THE STORY OF THE UNITED HATTERS, CAP AND MILLINERY WORKERS INTERNATIONAL UNION (New York: Dial 1948)

Schlossberg, Joseph, ed., DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE AMALGAMATED CLOTHING WORKERS OF AMERICA, NEW YORK 1914-1916 (New York: ACWA 1920[?])

Schappes, Morris U., “The Political Origins of the United Hebrew Trades,” in Journal of Ethnic Studies 5:1 (Spring 1977)

Seidman, Joel, THE NEEDLE TRADES (New York 1942)

——————-, “The ILGWU in the Dubinsky Period,” in Labor History IX, Special Supplement (1968)

Seller, Maxine S., “The Rising of the 20,000: Sex, Class and Ethnicity in the Shirtwaist Makers Strike of 1909,” in Dirk Hoerder, (ed.), STRUGGLE A HARD BATTLE: ESSAYS ON WORKING CLASS IMMIGRANTS (Dekalb, IL: Northern Illinois Univ. Press 1986)Shapiro, Judah J., THE FRIENDLY SOCIETY: A HISTORY OF THE WORKMEN’S CIRCLE (New York: Medial Judaica / Workmen’s Circle 1970)

Shavelson, Clara L., “Remembering the Waistmakers General Strike, 1909,” Jewish Currents (Nov. 1982)

Slucki, David, "The Bund Abroad in the Postwar Jewish World," in Jewish Social Studies 16 (2009):

-------------------, THE JEWISH LABOR BUND AFTER THE HOLOCAUST: A COMPARATIVE HISTORY (Melbourne: Univ. Diss. Monash University 2009)

-------------------, "Theorizing doikeit. Towards a History of the Melbourne Bund," IN Australian Jewish Historical Society Journal 19 (2008)

Soyer, Daniel, “Landsmanshaftn and the Jewish Labor Movement: Cooperation, Conflict, and the Building of Community,” in Journal of American Ethnic History, Vol. 7, no. 2 (1988)

Stolberg, Benjamin, TAILOR’S PROGRESS: THE STORY OF A FAMOUS UNION AND THE MEN WHO MADE IT (New York: Doubleday, Doran and Co. 1944)

Stowell, Charles Jacob, THE JOURNEYMEN TAILOR’S UNION OF AMERICA (University of Illinois Studies in the Social Sciences, vol. VII, No. 4 1918)

Strong, Earl D., THE AMALGAMATED CLOTHING WORKERS OF AMERICA (Grinnell, IA: Herald-Register Publishing Co. 1940)

Taft, Philip, UNITED THEY TEACH: THE STORY OF THE UNITED FEDERATION OF TEACHER [of New York City] (Los Angeles: 1974)

Tyler, Gus, A VITAL VOICE: 100 YEARS OF THE JEWISH FORWARD (New York: The Forward Association, Inc. 1997)

————, LOOK FOR THE UNION LABEL: A HISTORY OF THE INTERNATIONAL LADIES’ GARMENT WORKERS’ UNION (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1995)

Waldinger, Roger, “Another Look at the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union: Women, industry, structure and collective action,” in WOMEN, WORK & PROTEST: A CENTURY OF U.S. WOMEN’S LABOR HISTORY, ed. by Ruth Milkman (London and New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul 1987)

Weiler, N. Sue, “The Uprising in Chicago: The Men’s Garment Workers Strike, 1910-1911,” in A NEEDLE, A BOBBIN, A STRIKE: WOMEN NEEDLEWORKERS IN AMERICA, ed. by Joan M. Jensen and Sue Davidson (Philadelphia: Temple University Press 1981)

Wertheimer, Barbara Mayer, “The Rise of the Woman Garment Worker: New York, 1909-1910 [Chapter 16],” and “Women in the Men’s Clothing Trades: A New Union, 1910-1914 [Chapter 17],” in WE WERE THERE: THE STORY OF WORKING WOMEN IN AMERICA (New York: Pantheon Books 1977)

Zaretz, Charles Elbert, THE AMALGAMATED CLOTHING WORKERS OF AMERICA: A STUDY IN PROGRESSIVE TRADES-UNIONISM (New York: Ancon Publishing Co. 1934)

Zelmanowicz, Motl, A BUNDIST COMMENTS ON HISTORY AS IT WAS BEING MADE (Philadelphia: Xlibris 2009)

Zitron, Celia, THE NEW YORK CITY TEACHERS UNION, 1916 - 1964 (New York 1968)

AUTOBIOGRAPHIES, BIOGRAPHIES, MEMOIRS

Antler, Joyce, “Radical Politics and Labor Organizing,” [on Emma Goldman, Rose Pastor Stokes, Rose Pesotta and Rose Schneiderman] in THE JOURNEY HOME: JEWISH WOMEN AND THE AMERICAN CENTURY (NY: Free Press 1997)

Bisno, Abraham, ABRAHAM BISNO, UNION PIONEER; AN AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL ACCOUNT OF BISNO'S EARLY LIFE AND THE BEGINNINGS OF UNIONISM IN THE WOMEN'S GARMENT INDUSTRY [Madison: University of Wisconsin Press 1967]

Cahan, Abraham, PAGES OUT OF MY LIFE (New York: Forward Association 1926/8)

———, THE EDUCATION OF ABRAHAM CAHAN, trans. by Leon Stein (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society 1969)

Chaberg, John, EMMA GOLDMAN: AMERICAN INDIVIDUALIST (New York: HarperCollins 1991)

Chobanian, Peter, “Sidney Hillman: A Bibliography,” in Bulletin of Bibliography, Vol. 51, No. 3 (September 1994), pp. 265-268

Danish, Max D., THE WORLD OF DAVID DUBINSKY, (Cleveland 1957)

Drinan, Richard, REBEL IN PARADISE: A BIOGRAPHY OF EMMA GOLDMAN (Chicago: University of Chicago Press - orig. 1961)

Dubinsky, David and Raskin, A. H., DAVID DUBINSKY: A LIFE WITH LABOR, (New York 1977)

Endelman, Gary, SOLIDARITY FOREVER: ROSE SCHNEIDERMAN AND THE WOMEN’S TRADE UNION LEAGUE (NYC: Arno Books 1982)

Epstein, Melech, PAGES FROM A COLORFUL LIFE (Miami 1970)

——————, PROFILES OF ELEVEN (Detroit: Wayne State University 1965; reprinted Lanham, MD: University Press of America 1987)

Fink, Leon, “A Memoir of Selig Perlman and His Life at the University of Wisconsin,”in Labor History 32 (1991)

Fliegel, Hyman, LIFE AND TIMES OF MAX PINE (New York: Hyman J. Fliegel 1959)

Folsom, Michael Brewster, “The Education of Michael Gold,” in PROLETARIAN WRITERS OF THE THIRTIES, ed. by David Madden (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press 1968)

Fraser, Steven, LABOR WILL RULE: SIDNEY HILLMAN AND THE RISE OF AMERICAN LABOR (New York: The Free Press 1991)

Gold, Ben, MEMOIRS (New York: William Howard Publishers n.d.)

Gompers, Samuel, SEVENTY YEARS OF LIFE AND LABOR: AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY (Ithaca: ILR Press 1984 - edited, with intro. and suggested readings, by Nick Salvatore: [original edition, 1925])

Goulden, Joseph C., JERRY WURF: LABOR’S LAST ANGRY MN (New York: Atheneum 1982)

Hardman, J. B. S., “David Dubinsky, Labor Leader and Man,” in Labor History IX, Special Supplement (1968)

———————-, SIDNEY HILLMAN: LABOR STATESMAN, Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America [now ACTWU] (New York 1948)

Haskel, Harry, A LEADER OF THE GARMENT WORKERS: THE BIOGRAPHY OF ISIDORE NAGLER [intro. by David Dubinsky] (New York: Amalgamated Ladies’ Garment Cutters Union, Local 10, ILGWU 1950)

Herling, John, “Baruch Charney Vladeck,” in American Jewish Year Book, vol. 41 (1939)

Hillquit, Morris, LOOSE LEAVES FROM A BUSY LIFE (New York: Macmillan 1934)

Hunting, Harold B., "A Revolutionist Devoid of Hate," in DISTINGUISHED AMERICAN JEWS, ed. by Philip Henry Lotz (New York: Associated Press 1945; reprinted Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press 1970)

Jacobs, Paul, IS CURLY JEWISH? (New York: Vintage 1965)

Jeshurin, Ephraim, B. C. VLADECK: FIFTY YEARS OF LIFE AND LABOR, (New York 1932)

Josephson, Matthew, SIDNEY HILLMAN: STATESMAN OF AMERICAN LABOR (Garden City, NY: Doubleday 1952)

Julianelli, Jane, “Bessie Hillman: Up from the Sweatshop,” Ms. Magazine, (May 1973)

Kann, Kenneth, JOE RAPOPORT, THE LIFE OF A JEWISH RADICAL (Philadelphia: Temple University Press 1981)

Katzman, Jacob, COMMITMENT: THE LABOR ZIONIST LIFE-STYLE IN AMERICA (New York: Labor Zionist Letters 1975)

Kaufman Stuart, Peter Albert, and Grace Palladino, eds., THE SAMUEL GOMPERS PAPERS, vols. 1-10 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986-2006)

Kessler-Harris, Alice, “Organizing the Unorganizable: Three Jewish Women and Their Union,” in Labor History 17, no. 1 (Winter 1976); reprinted in CLASS, SEX AND THE WOMAN WORKER, ed. Milton Cantor and Bruce Laurie, (Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1977); in EAST EUROPEAN JEWS IN AMERICA, 1880-1920: IMMIGRATION AND ADAPTATION, ed. Jeffrey S. Gurock, vol. 3 (New York: Routledge, 1998); and in AMERICAN JEWISH WOMEN'S HISTORY: A READER, ed. Pamela S. Nadell (New York: New York University Press, 2003).

——---------———, “Rose Schneiderman and the Limits of Women’s Trade Unionism,” in LABOR LEADERS IN AMERICA, ed. by Melvyn Dubofsky and Warren van Tine (Urbana and Chicago: Univ. of Illinois Press 1987)

Korman, Gerd, “New Jewish Politics for an American Labor Leader: Sidney Hillman, 1942-1946,” in American Jewish History, vol. 82, no. 1-4 (1994)

------------------, "Sidney Hillman," in the Encyclopedia of American Jewish History (ABC-CLIO, 2008)

Leeder, Elaine, THE GENTLE GENERAL: ROSE PESOTTA, ANARCHIST AND LABOR ORGANIZER (Albany: SUNY Press 1993)

Lewis, Marx, MAX ZARITSKY AT FIFTY: THE STORY OF AN AGRESSIVE LABOR LEADER (New York: Max Zaritsky 50th Anniversary Committee [United Hatters, Cap & Millinery Workers 1931)

Madison, Charles A., “Sidney Hillman: Leader of the Amalgamated,” in American Scholar, vol. 18, no. 4, Autumn 1949

Malkiel, Theresa Serber, THE DIARY OF A SHIRTWAIST STRIKER (New York: Cooperative Press 1910 [reprinted - Ithaca: ILR Press/Cornell 1990])

Miller, Sally, “From Sweatshop Worker to Labor Leader; Theresa Malkiel: a case study,” in American Jewish History, vol. 68, n. 2, December 1978.

Mitelman, Bennie, “Rose Schneiderman and the Triangle Fire,” in American History Illustrated, July 1981.

Morton, Marion J., EMMA GOLDMAN AND THE AMERICAN LEFT: NOWHERE AT HOME (New York: Twayne Publishers 1992)

Newman, Pauline, “Pauline Newman,” in AMERICAN MOSAIC: THE IMMIGRANT EXPERIENCE IN THE WORDS OF THOSE WHO LIVED IT, ed. by Joan Morrison and Charlotte Fox Zabusky (New York: E.P. Dutton 1980).

Orleck, Annelise, COMMON SENSE AND ALITTLE FIRE: WOMEN AND WORKING-CLASS POLITICS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1900-1965 [Fannia Cohn, Pauline Newman, Rose Schneiderman and Clara Lemlich Shavelson] (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press 1995)

Parmet, Robert D., THE MASTER OF SEVENTH AVENUE: DAVID DUBINSKY AND THE AMERICAN LABOR MOVEMENT (New York: New York University Press 2005)

Pastorello, Karen, A POWER AMONG THEM: BESSIE ABRAMOWITZ HILLMAN AND THE MAKING OF THE AMALGAMATED CLOTHING WORKERS OF AMERICA (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press 2008)

Pesotta, Rose, BREAD UPON THE WATERS (Ithaca: ILR Press/ Cornell 1987)

————, DAYS OF OUR LIVES (Boston: Excelsior Press 1958)

Potofsky, Joseph, “Self-Portrait,” in AMERICAN SPIRITUAL BIOGRAPHIES, ed. by Louis Finkelstein (NYC: Harper 1948)

Pratt, Norma Fain, MORRIS HILLQUIT, A POLITICAL HISTORY OF AN AMERICAN JEWISH SOCIALIST (Westport: Greenwood Press 1979)

Raskin, A. H., “Dubinsky: Herald of Change,” in Labor History IX, Special Supplement (1968)

———, “David Dubinsky: 1892 - 1982, The New Leader (Oct 4, 1982)

———, SIDNEY HILLMAN, 1887-1946 (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society 1948)

———, “From Gompers to Hillman; Labor Goes Middle Class,” in Antioch Review13, 1953

Rich, J. C., “David Dubinsky: The Young Years,” in Labor History IX, Special Supplement (1968)

Rischin, Moses, GRANDMA NEVER LIVED IN AMERICA: THE NEW JOURNALISM OF ABRAHAM CAHAN (Bloomington: Indiana University Press 1985)

Rogoff, Harry, AN EAST SIDE EPIC: THE LIFE AND WORK OF MEYER LONDON (New York: Vanguard Press 1930)

Scheier, Paula, “Clara Lemlich Shavelson,” Jewish Life, vol. 8, no. 95 (November 1954)

—————, “Clara Lemlich Shavelson: 50 Years in Labor’s Front Line,” in THE AMERICAN JEWISH WOMAN: A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY (New York: KTAV 1981)

Schneiderman, Rose, with Lucy Goldthwaite, ALL FOR ONE (New York: Paul S. Ericksson, Inc. 1967)

Schofield, Ann, TO DO AND TO BE: Portraits of Four Women Activists, 1893-1986 [Gertrude Barnum, Mary Dreier, Pauline Newman and Rose Pesotta], (Boston: Northeastern University Press 1998)

Shepherd, Naomi, “ `I Need a Violent Strike’: Rose Pesotta and American Jewish Immigrant Unionists,” in A PRICE BELOW RUBIES: JEWISH WOMEN AS REBELS AND RADICALS (Cambridge: Harvard University Press 1993)

Shulman, Alix Kates, RED EMMA SPEAKS: AN EMMA GOLDMAN READER (Atlantic Highlands NJ: Humanities Press 1996)

————————, TO THE BARRICADES: THE ANARCHIST LIFE OF EMMA GOLDMAN (New York: 1971)

Soule, George, SIDNEY HILLMAN, LABOR STATESMAN (New York: Macmillan & Co. 1939)

Stolberg, Benjamin, TAILOR’S PROGRESS (New York 1944)

Suhl, Yuri, ERNESTINE ROSE AND THE BATTLE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS (New York 1959)

Syrkin, Marie, [biographical introduction to] HAYIM GREENBERG ANTHOLOGY (Detroit: Wayne State University Press 1968)

Taft, Philip, “David Dubinsky and the Labor Movement,” in Labor History IX, Special Supplement (1968)

Waldman, Louis, LABOR LAWYER [autobiography] (New York: E.P. Dutton and Company 1944)

Weinstone, William, THE CASE AGAINST DAVID DUBINSKY (New York 1946)

Wexler, Alice, EMMA GOLDMAN: AN INTIMATE LIFE (New York: Pantheon 1984)

—————, EMMA GOLDMAN IN EXILE: FROM THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION TO THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR (Boston: Beacon Press 1989)

Yellowitz, Irwin, “Morris Hillquit: American Socialism and Jewish Concerns,” in American Jewish Historical Quarterly, vol. 68 (December, 1978) pp. 163-188

Zausner, Philip. UNVARNISHED: THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF A LABOR LEADER (New York: Brotherhood Publishers, 1941)

UNPUBLISHED WORKS

Asher, Nina Lynn, DOROTHY JACOBS BELLANCA: FEMINIST TRADE UNIONIST, 1884-1946, Ph. D. dissertation (Binghamton: SUNY 1982)

Arian, Charles, ZIONISM, SOCIALISM AND THE KINSHIP OF PEOPLES: HASHOMER HATZAIR IN NORTH AMERICA, rabbinic thesis, (Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College- Jewish Institute of Religion 1986)

Beck, Burt, A JOINING OF HANDS: THE STORY OF THE ACTWU (unpublished manuscript)

Berlin, George, THE ANTI-NAZI ACTIVITIES OF THE JEWISH LABOR COMMITTEE IN THE 1930’S, M.A. thesis (New York: Columbia Univ. 1966)

Berman, Hyman, ERA OF THE PROTOCOL: A CHAPTER IN THE HISTORY OF THE INTERNATIONAL LADIES GARMENT WORKERS UNION, 1910 - 1916, Ph. D. dissertation (NYC: Columbia University 1956)

Brogna, John J., MICHAEL GOLD: CRITIC AND PLAYWRIGHT, Ph.D. dissertation (Univ. of Georgia 1982)

Brown, Howard M., THE COMMUNISTS AND THE NEEDLE TRADES, 1920-1928, M.A. thesis (New York: Columbia University 1973)

————————, POLITICAL FACTIONS AND THE CLOAKMAKERS STRIKE OF 1926, M.A. thesis (New York: Columbia University 1977)

Cohen, Martin A., JEWISH IMMIGRANTS AND AMERICAN TRADE UNIONS, M.A. thesis (Chicago: University of Chicago 1941)

Cohen, Ricki Carole Myers, FANNIA COHN AND THE INTERNATIONAL LADIES’ GARMENT WORKERS UNION, Ph.D. thesis (University of Southern Caifornia 1976)

Gurowsky, David, FACTIONAL DISPUTES WITHIN THE ILGWU, 1919-1928, Ph. D. dissertation (Binghamton: SUNY 1978)

Jonas, Franklin L, THE EARLY LIFE AND CAREER OF B. CHARNEY VLADECK, 1882-1921: THE EMERGENCE OF AN IMMIGRANT SPOKESMAN, Ph. D. dissertation (New York: New York University, 1972)

Katz, Daniel Lawrence, A UNION OF MANY CULTURES: YIDDISH SOCIALISM AND INTERRACIAL ORGANIZING IN THE INTERNATIONAL LADIES’ GARMENT WORKERS’ UNION, 1913-1941 Ph. D. dissertation (New Brunswick: Rutgers University, 2003)

Kram, Harriet Davis, NO MORE A STRANGER AND ALONE: TRADE UNION, SOCIALIST AND FEMINIST ACTIVISM — A ROUTE TO BECOMING AMERICAN [on Pauline Newman and Rose Schneiderman] Ph. D. dissertation (New York: City University of New York Graduate Center, 1997)

Leiserson, William, THE JEWISH LABOR MOVEMENT IN NEW YORK, B. A. thesis (Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin 1908)

Massing, Dana Christine, "SHOULDER TO SHOULDER FOR A COMMON CAUSE?" : JEWISH, ITALIAN, AND BLACK WOMEN GARMENT WORKERS IN NEW YORK CITY, 1900-1930 M.A. dissertation (University of Alberta, 1995)

Orenstein, Eugene, THE JEWISH SOCIALIST FEDERATION OF THE U.S. (1912- 1921), Ph. D. dissertation (New York: Columbia University 1978.)

Prickett, James Robert, COMMUNISTS AND THE COMMUNIST ISSUE IN THE AMERICAN LABOR MOVEMENT, 1920 - 1950, Ph. D. dissertation (Los Angeles: UCLA 1975)

Prudson, David, COMMUNISM AN THE JEWISH LABOR MOVEMENT IN THE USA, 1919 - 1929, Ph. D. dissertation (Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University 1982)

Shuldiner, David Philip, OF MOSES AND MARX: FOLK IDEOLOGY WITHIN THE JEWISH LABOR MOVEMENT OF THE UNITED STATES, Ph. D. dissertation, (Los Angeles: University of California at Los Angeles 1984)

Spingarn, Sandra Dawn, TRADE UNIONISM AMONG JEWISH WORKERS IN THE FUR MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY IN NEW YORK CITY, 1912-1929, Ph.D. dissertation (Binghamton: SUNY 1994)

Vural, Leyla F., UNIONISM AS A WAY OF LIFE: THE COMMUNITY ORIENTATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL LADIES’ GARMENT WORKERS’ UNION AND THE AMALGAMATED CLOTHING WORKERS OF AMERICA, Ph.D. dissertation (New Brunswick: Rutgers: State University of New Jersey, 1994)

Waltzer, Kenneth, “AMERICAN JEWISH LABOR AND AID TO POLISH JEWS DURING THE HOLOCAUST,” paper delivered to conference of the United States Holocaust Memorial Council (Washington, DC March 1987).

This listing is a `work-in-progress' - additional suggested entries welcome.

Jewish Labor Committee
140 West 31st Street, 3rd Floor
New York, NY 10001

info@jewishlabor.org

Readings on Traditional Jewish texts on Labor and Worker Rights

London Jewish Bakers Union.jpg

Banner of London Jewish Bakers Union, c.1926

anon., "Labor," ENCYCLOPEDIA JUDAICA Vol. 10, Keter Publishing House (Jerusalem, Israel 1972)

Ayali, Meir, "Labor and Work in the Talmud and Midrash," [Hebrew] Yad La-Talmud (Ramat Gan, 1984)

Baron, Salo, "Economics and Social Justice," in "THE ECONOMIC VIEWS OF MAIMONIDES" in ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL JEWISH HISTORY, ed. Arthur Hertzberg & Leon A. Feldman, Rutgers University Press (New Brunswick, 1972)

------- "Free Labor," op. cit. , pp. 248-260.

Bazak, J., comp. JEWISH LAW AND JEWISH LIFE: SELECTED RABBINICAL RESPONSA (pp. 75, 80), Union of American Hebrew Congregations (New York, NY 1979)

Bleich, J. David, "Organized Labor;" "Tenure," in CONTEMPORARY HALAKHIC PROBLEMS (Vol. 1), KTAV Publishing House, Inc. / Yeshiva University Press (New York, NY 1977)

----"Severance Pay;" "Teachers' Unions," in CONTEMPORARY HALAKHIC PROBLEMS (Vol. 2), KTAV Publishing House, Inc. / Yeshiva University Press (New York, NY 1983)

----"Organized Labor - Survey of Recent Halakhic Periodical Literature," in Tradition 13, no. 1 (New York, NY 1972)

---- "Physicians' Fees - Survey of Recent Halakhic Periodical Literature," in Tradition 19, no. 4 (New York, NY 1981)

---- "Physicians' Strikes - Survey of Recent Halakhic Periodical Literature," in Tradition 21, no. 3 (New York, NY 1984)

---- "Rabbinic Contracts - Survey of Recent Halakhic Periodical Literature," in Tradition 11, no. 3 (New York, NY 1970)

---- "Severance Pay: Hired Servant or Independent Contractor - Survey of Recent Halakhic Periodical Literature," in Tradition 17, no. 3 (New York, NY 1978)

---- "Severance Pay," in Jewish Law Annual 3 (1980)

---- "Survey of Recent Halakhic Periodical Literature [particularly p. 126, Tenure on p. 129, and Employment During the Post-Nuptual Week on p. 136]," in Tradition 14, no. 4 (New York, NY 1974)

---- "Teachers' Unions - Survey of Recent Halakhic Periodical Literature," in Tradition 19, no. 3 (New York, NY 1984)

---- "Teachers' Unions," in Jewish Law Annual (1987)

---- "Tenure: A Review of a Rabbinical Court Judgment," in Jewish Law Annual 1 (1978)

Blumenfield, Samuel M., LABOR IN THE BIBLE, Dissertation Hebrew Union College (Cincinnati 1930)

Cronbach, Abraham, "Labor," UNIVERSAL JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA (New York, NY 1939-1943)

-----------------------, "Social Thinking in the Sefer Hasidim," in Hebrew Union College Annual 22 (1949)

Elon, Menachem, "Ha'anakah (Severance Pay)," in ENCYCLOPEDIA JUDAICA Vol. 7, Keter Publishing (Jerusalem, Israel 1972)

Fasman, Oscar Z., "The Attitude of the Hafetz Hayyim toward Labor," in ISRAEL OF TOMORROW, ed. by Leo Jung, Herald Square Press, Inc. (New York, NY 1946), pp. 117-184

Federbush, Simon, THE JEWISH CONCEPT OF LABOR, Torah Culture Department, Jewish Agency and HaPoel haMizrachi of America (New York, NY 1956)

Fendel, Zechariah, "Employer-Employee Relations," and "The Abusive Employer," in THE HALACHA AND BEYOND: PROVIDING AN INSIGHT INTO THE FISCAL ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE TORAH JEW, AS WELL AS AN IN-DEPTH STUDY OF THE BITACHON CONCEPT, Hashkafah Publications (New York, NY 1983)

Heinemann, Joseph H., "The Status of the Laborer in Jewish Law and Society in the Tannaitic Period," in Hebrew Union College Annual 25 (1954)

Hirsch, Richard G., "Labor - Rights and Responsibilities," in THE WAY OF THE UPRIGHT: A JEWISH VIEW OF ECONOMIC JUSTICE, Union of American Hebrew Congregations (New York, NY 1973)

Horowitz, George, "Hired Workers/Further Rules Favorable to the Worker," in THE SPIRIT OF JEWISH LAW, Central Book Company (New York, NY 1963)

Jacobs, Louis, "Strikes," in WHAT DOES JUDAISM SAY ABOUT ...? [pp. 309 - 310], Keter Publishing (Jerusalem 1973)

Jakobovits, I., "The Right to Strike," in STUDIES IN TORAH JUDAISM: JEWISH LAW FACES MODERN PROBLEMS, Yeshiva University Dept. of Special Publications (New York, NY 1965)

---- "The Right to Strike - Review of Recent Halakhic Periodical Literature," in Tradition 5, no. 2 (New York, NY 1963)

---- "Strikes - Survey of Recent Halakhic Periodical Literature," in Tradition 7, no. 1, 4/8 (New York, NY 1965/1966)

---- "Workmen's Compensation and Severance Pay - Review of Recent Halakhic Periodical Literature," in Tradition 4, no. 2 (New York, NY 1962)

Jung, Leo, "The Workingman," in HUMAN RELATIONS IN JEWISH LAW, Jewish Education Press / Board of Jewish Education, Inc. (New York, NY 1967/1970) [Reprinted in BETWEEN MAN AND MAN, Jewish Education Press / Board of Jewish Education, Inc. (New York, NY 1976)]

-----. "Labor in Jewish Law," in BUSINESS ETHICS AND JEWISH LAW, Hebrew Publishing Company in conjunction with the Board of Jewish Education of Greater New York (New York, NY 1987)

Katz, Mordechai, PROTECTION OF THE WEAK IN THE TALMUD, Columbia University Press (New York, NY 1925)

Klagsbrun, Francine, "Work, Wealth and Philanthropy," in VOICES OF WISDOM: JEWISH IDEAS AND ETHICS FOR EVERYDAY LIVING, Pantheon Books (New York, NY 1980)

Kogan, Michael S., "Liberty and Labor in the Jewish Tradition," in Ideas, A Journal of Contemporary Jewish Thought (Spring 1975)

Kohler, Kaufmann, "Labor," in Jewish Encyclopedia, vol. 7, p. 590 (New York, NY 1901-1906)

Levine, Aaron, FREE ENTERPRISE AND JEWISH LAW: ASPECTS OF JEWISH BUSINESS ETHICS, KTAV (New York, NY 1980)

----, "Jewish Business Ethics in Contemporary Society," in BUSINESS ETHICS AND JEWISH LAW, by Leo Jung, Hebrew Publishing Company in conjunction with the Board of Jewish Education of Greater New York (New York, NY 1987)

----, "Labor Mobility: A Halakhic View, in Gesher 5, no. 1 (1976)

----, "Minimum Wage Legislation - A Halakhic Perspective", in Tradition 24, no. 1 (New York, NY 1988)

Levinthal, Israel H., "The Attitude of Judaism Toward Labor," in JUDAISM: AN ANALYSIS AND AN INTERPRETATION, Funk and Wagnalls (New York & London, 1935)

----, "The Attitude of Judaism Toward the Laborer," in JUDAISM: AN ANALYSIS AND AN INTERPRETATION, Funk and Wagnalls (New York & London, 1935)

Neusner, Jacob, THE ECONOMICS OF THE MISHNAH, University of Chicago Press (Chicago, IL 1990)

Perry, Michael S., LABOR RIGHTS IN THE JEWISH TRADITION, Jewish Labor Committee (New York, NY, 1993)

Reines, Chaim W., "Labor in Rabbinical Responsa," in ISRAEL OF TOMORROW, ed. by Leo Jung, Herald Square Press, Inc. (New York, NY 1946)

----, "The Jewish Conception of Work," in Judaism, 8 (New York, NY 1959)

Riemer, Jack, "The Jewish view of work (Avodah), in Jewish Heritage (Summer 1962), p. 21-23

Sacks, Eliot, "Teachers and the right to strike," L'eylah (London: New Year 5746)

Sacks, J[onathan?], "Halacha: Industrial Relations in Jewish Law," in Ha-Zvi 13 (Mizrahi Journal) (London: Purim 5739)

Schnall, David J., BY THE SWEAT OF YOUR BROW: REFLECTIONS ON WORK AND THE WORKPLACE IN CLASSICAL JEWISH THOUGHT, KTAV (New York, NY 2001)

Shapira, Abraham, "Work," in CONTEMPORARY JEWISH RELIGIOUS THOUGHT, by Cohen, Arthur A. and Mendes-Flohr, Paul, The Free Press (New York, 1987)

Sicher, Gustav, "Concept of Work in the Jewish Faith," in JEWISH STUDIES: ESSAYS IN HONOR OF G. SICHER, ed. by R. Iltis, Council of Jewish Religious Communities (Prague 1955)

Silverman, William B., "The Dignity of Labor," in THE SAGES SPEAK, Jason Aronson, Inc. (Northvale, NJ and London, England 1989)

Sulzberger, Mayer, "The Status of Labor in Ancient Israel," in Jewish Quarterly Review 13 (1922-23); reprinted separately (Philadelphia PA 1923)

Tamari, Meir, IN THE MARKETPLACE: JEWISH BUSINESS ETHICS, Targum Press (Southfield, MI 1991)

-------, WITH ALL YOUR POSSESSIONS: JEWISH ETHICS AND ECONOMIC LIFE, The Free Press (New York, NY 1987)

Vorspan, ALbert, and Eugene J. Lipman, "Labor," in JUSTICE AND JUDAISM, Union of American Hebrew Congregations (New York, NY: 1956)

Warhaftig, Shillem, "Labor Law," in ENCYCLOPEDIA JUDAICA Vol. 10, Keter Publishing House (Jerusalem 1972)

Weisfeld, Israel H., "LABOR LEGISLATION IN THE BIBLE AND TALMUD, Yeshiva University (New York, NY 1974)

Wigoder, Geoffrey, "Labor and Labor Laws," in ENCYCLOPEDIA OF JUDAISM [2002]

Wolkinson, Benjamin W., "Labor and the Jewish Tradition - A Reappraisal," in Jewish Social Studies Vol. 40 no. 3/4 (S/F 1978)

Woll, Jonathan S., THE EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP IN SHULCHAN-ARUCH Dissertation Hebrew Union College (Cincinnatin, OH 1976)

Wolsey, Louis, "The Historic Attitude of Judaism to Labor," in CCAR Yearbook Vol. 38 (1928) [pp. 311-343]

Zipperstein, Edward, BUSINESS ETHICS AND JEWISH LAW, KTAV (New York, NY 1987)

This listing is a `work-in-progress' - additional suggested entries welcome.

Jewish Labor Committee
140 West 31st Street, 3rd Floor
New York, NY 10001

info@jewishlabor.org

Links: Unions, Labor-related Organizations and News Sources

AFL-CIO
Change to Win

Individual Trade Unions
State Labor Federations
City/Community Central Labor Councils

Alliance for Retired Americans
A. Philip Randolph Institute
Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance
Coalition of Black Trade Unionists
Coalition of Labor Union Women
Labor Council for Latin American Advancement
Pride At Work


American Labor Studies Center
American Income Life - Charitable Giving and Contributions
Interfaith Worker Justice [formerly the National Interfaith Committee for Worker Justice]
Labor and Working Class History Association
Labor Heritage Foundation
United Association for Labor Education

Basic News Sources:

LabourStart - "Where Trade Unionists Start Their Day"

Reciprocal Links:

Actor's Equity Association
Connecticut AFL-CIO
Florida AFL-CIO
Iron Workers International Union
Kansas Workbeat (Wichita-Hutchinson Labor Federation of Central Kansas, AFL-CIO)
Masters, Mates and Pilots
Minnesota AFL-CIO
Montana AFL-CIO
New York City Central Labor Council
New York State AFL-CIO
North Dakota AFL-CIO
Rhode Island AFL-CIO
United Food and Commercial Workers
Virginia AFL-CIO

Jewish communal agencies and News Sources

National Jewish Organizations:

Jewish Council for Public Affairs
>> member organizations of the JCPA:
>>>> CRCs around the U.S.
>>>> national member agencies
Jewish Federations of North America
Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations
Memorial Foundation for Jewish Culture
Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany
NCSJ [formerly National Conference on Soviet Jewry]

National Organizations Affiliated with the JLC:

Ameinu
Meretz USA
Workmen's Circle - Arbeter Ring

Basic News Sources:

Jewish Telegraphic Agency
Jewish Daily Forward (English-language FORWARD)

Reciprocal Links:
Jewish Currents

Local JLC Chapters & Contacts

New England Jewish Labor Committee
Marya Axner
Regional Director
18 Tremont Street, Suite 320
Boston, Massachusetts 02108
Tel 617-227-0888
Fax 617-482-7300
email NewEnglandJLC@jewishlabor.org
website http://newenglandjewishlabor.org/

United Hebrew Trades / New York Jewish Labor Committee
Arieh Lebowitz
Associate Director
140 West 31st Street, 3rd Floor
New York, NY 10001-3411
Tel 212-477-0707
Fax 212-477-1918
email info@jewishlabor.org

Philadelphia Jewish Labor Committee
Michael Hersch
Regional Director
2100 Arch Street
7th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Tel 215-668-5454
Fax 215-587-6823
email mhersch@comcast.net
website http://phillyjlc.org/

Chicago Jewish Labor Committee
Eli Fishman
Regional Director
205 North Michigan Avenue - Suite 2100
Chicago, IL 60601
Tel 312 881-9933
Fax 312-861-1672
email ChicagoJLC@jewishlabor.org

Cleveland Jewish Labor Committee
Joyce Goldstein
Goldstein Gragel LLC
1040 Leader Building
526 Superior Avenue, East
Cleveland, OH 44114
Tel 216-771-6633
Fax 216-771-7559
email jgoldstein@ggcounsel.com

Michigan Jewish Labor Committee
Selma Goode
8846 Robindale
Detroit, MI 48239
Tel 313-534-0553
email DetroitJLC@aol.com

JLC Western Region
Leslie Gersicoff
Regional Director
8339 West Third Street – Suite 2
Los Angeles, CA 90048
Tel 323-658-5500
Fax 323-658-5079
Email JLCWR1@gmail.com